I first heard about Beijing was from my high school’s history text book, it stated Emperor Zhu Di moved the city to Beijing and it is the origin of this city. It had been through 800 years; but if you wanna track back from the Emeperor Qing Shi Huang who first built up Beijing, it should be 3000 years history.
*Beijing also known as Peking
If you think Beijing is the symbolic city of traditional China which is full of SiHeYuan (central courtyard) or old houses, you are exactly wrong! After 2008 Beijing Olympic, Beijing had catch up the trend and became a modern city which full of high building.
Beijing government did a great job on urban planning. The whole city owns a system of roads radiates from the city centre to divide the old and new zone. Within the 1st and 2nd ring road is the old zone with ancient building; from 3rd to 5th is the new zone with tall buildings; further is the outskirt. All the ring roads are wide and smooth, no traffic lights, hardly seen serious traffic jam even in peak season.
In order to control the traffic, Beijing government implements the “License Plate Regulation” (I think it’s not the official proper name); besides there are lots of public bus with a low fare. But for forgetful people like me, to remember which day to go on road according different license’s plate last number, and change ever few months, that’s really tough for me.
Chinese believe in Feng Shui, the division also related to it.
The oldies structure, SiHeYuan is for riches, it was named because the house was 3 sided surrounded; centre was the courtyard which will normally have Pomegranate, a fat dog and a bowl of red fish. There will be a shield to avoid the evil spirit; the room faced the entrance is the master room; the son will stay in the east while the daughter will stay in west.
Normal citizen will stay in DaZaYuan which is a resident area with many families; it was named because there are people from different area or profession.
Chinese named the alley as HuTong; the people shuttle there was called HuTongChuanZi.
Beijing ZhongZhou Road, literally meaning "Central Axis", from south to north arrange in order by YongDing Gate, TianAn Gate, Forbidden City, JingShan, Drum Tower, Bell Tower, Bird Nest, Water Cube, Olympic Garden. To present the humanistic Beijing, they expand the ZhongZhou Road and built the Bird Nest and Water Cube in the northern part. From south to north shows the development of China, from antique to modern.
China was oppressed by some countries during late Ching dynasty, that caused a lot of antique building were destroy. It is really pity not to retrain the antique. Now people try to fix the old building to recover the previous scene; but no matter how it works, there’s still something missing…
Coordinates: 39°542’N 116°23’E